Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of foot and heel pain. Fascia is the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot that serves for support. Small tears can occur in this tissue when it is overly stretched, causing traction in the heel which can result in a bony overgrowth called a heel spur.
Plantar fasciitis occurs when the tissues in the foot or overly stretched. This generally happens due to loss in the arch in the foot
Factors contributing to arch loss:
- Being overweight
- Spending too much time on your feet
- Poor arch support or worn shoes
- Tight leg muscles
- Uneven leg length
The likelihood of acquiring plantar fasciitis increases with age and is slightly more common in women than men.
Pain from plantar fasciitis typically occurs when you walk after having been in bed or sitting for a long times. After awhile of walking the pain generally subsides.
Stretching exercises, balancing of the foot using orthotics, massage, and acupressure are found to be beneficial for treatment.