Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic painful muscle or joint condition that can be localized to one muscle or joint or may be more wide spread. This syndrome is caused by trigger points, which are small very tender knots in the muscle that cause pain when touched. The trigger points affect muscle and fascia, a sheet or band of fibrous tissue which covers, separates and binds muscles, organs, and other soft tissue structures of the body. The pain can be localized or it can radiate pain to other distal areas.
Myofascial pain syndrome causes a deep persistent pain or ache in the muscle or joint, it produces muscle stiffness, and can cause difficulty sleeping. Common areas of pain are the jaw, head, neck, pelvis, back, arms and legs, but it can affect any muscular area. The pain generally worsens over time, and can cause complications, such as muscle weakness due to the inactivity, or guarding of muscles due to the pain. Myofascial Pain Syndrome can be caused by different muscle injuries, poor posture, overuse or repetitive stress of muscles, improper body mechanics or tension, stress and anxiety. The symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome Are similar to Fibromyalgia, but are not as wide spread throughout the body.